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Child Obesity Essay

 

I see fat kids

The main causes of obesity are: the decreased level of nutrients intake, and sedentary lifestyle. In spite of all available information about nutrition in schools, hospitals, Internet, it is apparent that overeating is a problem. For example, the intake of fast food meals tripled between 1977 and 1995, and calorie level magnified four times during the same period. Nevertheless, it is insufficient explanation of phenomenal rise in the obesity levels in the well-developed countries. Overall, obesity is a significant health and social problem, which has reached pandemic levels. In accordance with numerous reports, energy intakes from food in England have decreased over the last 30 years, while the prevalence of obesity has tripled over 20 years, and continue to increase at an alarming rate.

Optimal nutrition therefore is deemed an important issue on the healthy food agenda and therefore nutrition security systems are applied to lower the levels of energy deficiency. As well as this, proper systems increase dietary intake (Tenth Five Year Plan, 2002-07). A well-balanced diet therefore provides energy and nourishment necessary to lead normal life, and therefore to keep fit. Hence, it is important to provide our body with all the necessary resources and fuels to stay in good health (Lysol, 2006). An unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, on the other hand, increase our chances of getting heart disease, cancer, stroke, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, breathing problems, arthritis, gallbladder disease, and osteoarthritis (HHS, 2007). Hence, it is possible to support human immune system to prevent various types of disease and illness by eating the right foods. Eating variety of fruits and vegetables given by nature will strength the body, and allow healing the diseases. Proper nutrition will be much more successful in defending body. This connection between nutrition and Immune System is the key to health. Nowadays, foods are full of chemicals and pesticides, as a consequence, plant food now have nutrition losses (Bio Net, 2007).Taking the aforementioned into account it is apparent that in order to receive optimal health, humans require a various, well-balanced diet that includes a complex mixture of both macronutrients and micronutrients.

Understanding sufficient nutrition as a component of nutrient metabolism helps us to control and maintain proper health condition. For instance, eating a good breakfast sets the tone for the rest of the day. Nonetheless, many people tend to miss breakfasts to lose their weight. Furthermore, people who eat breakfast maintain a healthy weight. A great number of scientists proved that children who eat breakfast produce better results at school, while adults feel and work better too. Ideally, a healthy breakfast should include some protein and some fiber. As was mentioned above, protein is a component of low fat meats, eggs, beans, and soy. Grains, vegetables and fruits consist of fiber. A perfect example of healthy breakfast is often limited to boiled egg, orange, or low fat milk. As is known, protein and fibre satisfy hunger (Jegtvig, 2007).

Right nutrition helps us to achieve health and reduce risk of diseases, for instance, heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and osteoporosis.  Additionally, nutritional therapy may also be included to the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Several studies proved that the importance of nutrition regulate humans health. Consequently, it is significant to understand the importance of nutrition in order to be healthy from day-to day. Nowadays, people are making changes in their lifestyle and include proper nutrition. Hence, understanding sufficient nutrition as a component of nutrient metabolism helps us to control and maintain proper health condition (Jegtvig, 2007).

Functional foods mainly consist of vitamins and minerals normally consumed by humans. Overall, these additives are approved and recommended by most governments, and are well-known to everyone (Food Additives and Ingredients, 2007).  To this end, Vitamins are components of organic origin present in food and necessary to our body. The most widely known vitamins are: A, B1, B2, and B3 (niacin), B5, B6, B7, B9, B12, C (ascorbic acid), D, E, and K. The B and C vitamins are soluble in water, while A, D, E, and K vitamins are fat-soluble, and accumulated in the body fat. In turn, minerals are important to our life because they are the main building blocks that create muscles, tissue, and bones. Additionally, they are significant components of many important life systems, in particular, hormones, oxygen transport, and enzyme systems. At that, there are two types of minerals: the main (macro) minerals and the trace minerals. A body in considerable amounts requires Main minerals. Particularly, main minerals include sodium, potassium, sulphur etc, required to build muscles, blood, nerve cells, teeth and bones. The main minerals and trace minerals are required in small amounts due to the fact that they are very significant to our body. These important minerals participate in the majority of chemical reactions run in a body. Additionally, they are important to produce hormones.

Teenagers need special nutrients in order to support growth. This period brings dynamic increase in height as well as hormonal changes. Especially significant is iron. Requirement for calcium growth while skeletal mass increases. Calcium is significant for young adults. Teenager’s caloric needs vary depending on their growth rate and activity level. Males generally have higher energy requirements than females due to their larger proportion of lean body mass to adipose tissue (Kid Source, 2007).

 Alternatively, performing physical exercise is an effective approach to self-care maintenance along with mental and spiritual practices. Overall, life satisfaction depends on physical state and this study suggests that quality of life and life satisfaction depend on self care and sound motivation. Self care is achieved by maintaining physical, mental and spiritual harmony. However, a combination of both internal and external motivators is needed to make person work on his/her self-improvement. To this end, the contribution of social work practice has served as valuable external factor that put client in a certain format of performing definite physical activities. 

Consequently, a well-balanced diet provides energy and nourishment necessary to lead normal life, and therefore to keep fit. Hence, it is important to provide our body with all the necessary resources and fuels to stay in good health (Lysol, 2006). Conversely, an unhealthy diet and physical inactivity increase our chances of getting heart disease, cancer, stroke, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, breathing problems, arthritis, gallbladder disease, and osteoarthritis (HHS, 2007).

 

 

Works Cited

HHS. 2006, ‘Obesity and Weight Loss’, [Online]: Available at: http://www.4women.gov/faq/weightloss.htm

Jegtvig, S. 2007, ‘Are Genetically Engineered Foods Healthy?’ [Online]: Available at: http://nutrition.about.com/od/askyournutritionist/f/gmo_foods.htm

Kid Source. 2007, ‘Nutrients Needs’ [Online]: Available at:

http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content3/ific/ific.teen.trends.html

Lysol, 2007, ‘Health Eating’, [Online]: Available at: http://www.lysol.com/topic_eating.shtml

TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN 2002-07 FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY, [Online]: Available at: http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/fiveyr/10th/volume2/v2_ch3_3.pdf

 

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